This site delves into a lot of detail about the different types of diabetes. However, this is the only place where they are all listed together. Take a look at the brief overview of each and click on the links to learn more about any particular type.
Type 1 Diabetes. This type traditionally struck children and is known historically as juvenile diabetes. Because it can strike at any age, the name was changed. Type 1 diabetics need insulin injections to survive, as their pancreas no longer produces insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes. This type is the most common diabetes type. It is also largely preventable. Type 2 diabetics either do not produce enough insulin, or their cells cannot use or ignore the insulin. Usually insulin injections are not needed, but sometimes they are. Losing weight, proper diet and exercise are the mainstays of managing type 2 diabetes.
different diabetes types
Latent Auto-immune Diabetes of Adults (LADA). LADA is the slow onset of type 1 diabetes. Initially, the person may be mis-diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes because their pancreas is still producing insulin, but overtime the pancrease stops producing insulin. The onset of LADA, while slower than most type 1 diabetics, is still the result of an autoimmune disorder.
Gestational Diabetes. This type only affects pregnant women. A good diet and proper monitoring can usually control gestational diabetes and protect mom and baby. While the condition goes away at the end of the pregnancy it is important to watch your health going forward, as the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is greatly increased.
Pre-Diabetes. Pre-diabetes affects up to 40 million Americans. Taking care of yourself now, to avoid getting type 2 diabetes later, is definitely the way to treat this disturbing and growing condition.
Type 3 Diabetes. This name is a bit misleading, as it is not an official diabetes classification. Scientist at Brown University came up with the name to describe a condition where the brain does not produce enough insulin (yes the brain) potentially causing or contributing to developing Alzheimer’s disease. It’s worth reading the article on type 3 diabetes here.
Diabetes Insipidus. This diabetes type is also a little misleading. While some of the symptoms are similar to traditional diabetes (excessive thirst and urination) this is where the similarities end. Diabetes Insipidus is a condition where the body’s ability to regulate its fluid levels breaks down. It has nothing to do with insulin or regulating blood sugar levels.
Brittle Diabetes. Again, this is not a specific type of diabetes. It is a very rare condition of type 1 diabetics who cannot control their blood sugar levels.
There you have it! These are the different types of diabetes (or at least the different conditions that use the term “diabetes” to describe themselves).
By Erich Schultz – Last Reviewed April 2013.